If Enrico Tellini had not been killed, the border between Albania and Greece would be beyond Ioannina

If Enrico Tellini had not been killed, the border between Albania and Greece would be beyond Ioannina

 If Enrico Tellini would not have been killed, the border between Albania and Greece would be beyond Ioannina.

But that Monday, August 23, 1923, was fatal not only for the life of the Italian general, with the duty of the head of the International Commission for Cross-Border Cooperation between Albania and Greece, but also for the fates of Albania. The Italian general was killed along with four of his man in the car by seven Greek thugs.

The Scene of the Assassination

The two-car convoy, with General Tellini, was moving from Janina to Kakavije, when stopped as several fallen trees halted their way. They were accompanied by the car of the Greek representatives, due to car problems. As soon as the driver Reniggo Farneti and the Albanian translator Thanas Kraveri went out to remove the trees from the road, the members of a gang opened fire and killed of both them.

Enrico Tellini
Enrico Tellini
The rifles were also directed at the people inside the car. The Doctor Luiggi Corti was the third person to be killed. After him is injured the adjutant Mario Bonacini, who thanks to a maneuver managed to get under the car. At this point the General Tellini tried to get out of the car by running and shooting at the same time with pistol against gang members.

But he managed to do just a few steps toward the forest, because the main target of the bandits was to kill him.

How was the murder organized?

The Pobickë and Radat villages in Leskovik were included within the Albanian border. The Peshkëpi, Rreze Zeze and Kakavija are included within the Albanian border. He worked at high speed in order to end quickly.

When Enrico Tellini was about to bring the Albanian border line to Kallama and all of Northern Chameria, including Ioannina and its surroundings, there was only one way that Greek circles would stop him: eliminating him physically. This situation was clearly reflected in the newspapers of the time.

Tirana, September 6, 1923, Our Representatives in Paris, London, Rome and Geneva informed Us: The latest stright decision of General Tellini for Albania was given by August 2, where he decided that Vormoner's baths to be part of Albania, are the cause of His murder ...

Of what was the level of the concern of General Tellini was understood by his report sent to the League of Nations for the work carried out until those moments:

"This delegation does not trust me for a sincere cooperation. The delegation seeks with all the means and the pretexts to leave ... Greek authorities and bodies draw many different obstacles."

Greece's dissatisfaction began when the League of Nations, following the Paris Peace Conference, named Tellini the chair of the International Border Commission between Albania and Greece. After their dissatisfaction with words and body language, the Greeks had concrete actions.

Just a few days after he took the office, the newspaper "Dielli" wrote that 50 Greek soldiers deliberately left in Korça as "sick", raped in the commission building, to intimidate General Enrico Tellini and force Korça to pass inside the Greek state border. According to a report by the Italian consulate in Ioannina, during a discussion of a moment of frustration, the Greek representative had said that "Gen Tellini should be killed ..." This phrase has repeatedly repeated this in a local pub, which would actually happen.

Who killed General Tellini?

The Albanian representative at the International Commission and representatives of the Albanian government in the investigative group, Mehdi Frashëri, is the only character of the time that gives the names of the killers. He even gives details of the preparations made by the Greek authorities for the murder in such a way to appear that the murder is done by Albanians.

But in fact the Greeks made the assassination. Frasheri gives a rather interesting version of how the Greek state manipulated criminals to say that Tellini's murder was made by Albanians. According to Mehdi Frashëri, the Greek criminal Kocho Memo, arrested in Albania, was imprisoned in Gjirokastra for the murder of the servant of Myfid Bey Libohova.

In fact, the criminal wanted to kill Myfit Libohova from the outside of the wall of his lands, but confused him with the servant. Two instigators in this confused murder, the Minister of War Ismail Tatzati and Gendarmerie Commander Ahmet Selenica, staged the escape of Kocho Memo from prison.

But here the story becomes even more confusing and intriguing. After the escape, the young hosts of Kocho Memos were members of the Karagiozati family, who urged Memo to kill Bocho Kalo.

"The Greeks, through the Greeks villagers of Gjirokastra had full knowledge of these events and thought to forgive Kocho Memo, to instruct him well and to bring him as witness before the International Commission, who would cite the preparation of Albanians to kill Bocho Kalo, with the key manipulative change that instead of the name of Bocho Kalo meant the name of General Tellini."

The implementation of Tellini's execution plan began and took place here. Mehdi Frasheri shows that the perpetrators of this murder were 5-6 thugs and with them a criminal from Nivica, who was casually caught armed in Saranda. In the report that Frashëri sent in French to the investigative commission, he writes:

"Because of the gendarmerie chasing, the gang members run to Greece and the member from Nivica remained armed in Albania. According to Kolë Tromarës, this Greek gang was the assassin of the General Tellini and after the killing he crossed the border of Albania to prepare evidence against Albanians."

Tellini's Experiment

The experiment was fashionable at Tellini's time. The Italian general encountered many obstacles and disagreements with the Greeks about their territorial claims to Albania. Based on this he made an experiment that would turn into a legend.

She threw a candy in a crowd of children and listened to what language they were talking about when they were fighting to catch the candy. Everybody spoke Albanian. So that was enough for the Italian to set the border by including the village within the Albanian territory. This angered the Greeks and there were many incidents with the members of the commission.

The Failed investigation

In the distant 1923s the investigation techniques to detect a serious event were more intuitive than based in science. This goes more to the experiment made by the head of the investigative group, the Japanese colonel, Shibo.

Arriving at the location where Tellini was executed, the Japanese released the pistol and fired twice in the air. Immediately a group of Greek soldiers near the scene arrived for a few minutes and surrounded all members of the investigative commission. At this moment the Japanese colonel told with his mouth memorable words:

"The investigation ended. When two revolver shootings were heard by the Greek soldiers, how could it have been possible that hundreds of gunshots were not heard by them?! "

While there is no doubt that the Greeks killed him, we Albanians did not gave that honor to the Italian general. A statue erected in 1933, authored by Odhise Paskali, is broken down in the first years after the arrival of the Communists.

To understand his love and respect for Albanians, but also the lack of respect of Albanians for him, it is enough to read these lines written by General Tellini himself.

"I love and honor Albanians, for they are merciful and valiant. Sadly, they are suffering the wrongdoings of the neighbors. I will try to reduce the pains and relieve the national pain, so that Albanians live free like other nations."

In this was wrote an Italian who fought so hard for Albania and Albanians, because of this he was killed by the Greeks.

* Extracted from Roland Qafoku's book "The 100 most sensational murders in the history of the Albanian state (in all Albanian lands)", and adopted in Englisht by Oculus News.
If Enrico Tellini had not been killed, the border between Albania and Greece would be beyond Ioannina If Enrico Tellini had not been killed, the border between Albania and Greece would be beyond Ioannina Saturday, February 03, 2018 Rating: 5
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