Geological Structures of Albania

Geological Structures of Albania

 Albanian geological structures takes part on the fold belt Mediterranean alpine, south branch of this belt, where it finds development as well interior zones, as external zones. 

Beside the complicated paleogeographical evolution this geological position has conditioned the big diversity of lithological and structure build. Its soil structures calls Albanide, that are the continuation of the Dinaride on the northwest and of the Helenides in the southeast. 

The changes of the formations that makes the Albanian soil are so often that if you are walking in Albania it looks like you are walking in glass-cases of a big geological exhibition, where are exposed all kinds and ages of the rocks. The oldies formations (schist, marbled limestone, etc) belongs to the Paleozoic time and build the east part of the country. The most spread in Albania are Mesozoic formations, and represent by magnetite rocks (ultrabasic, basic, medium acid), sedimentary rocks mainly limestone and more few flysch zones. These geological formations spread on north, in central and south parts and in general are mountain setting up. Cenozoic depositing are representing by terrigene (flysch, molasse) and more few carbonate. These are presenting on west, while on interior part of the country fill valleys and holes and partly make the mountain setting up with medium and small height.

The evolution and the emerging of the Albanian geological structures is made gradually from east to west. During this evolution that it is very complicated have happen some folding phases, magnetite and volcano activities, sea transgressions and sea regression also powerful move in horizontal and vertical directions. Under action of the inner and external forces the relief always has change, which sometimes is smooth down (still are remain the vestiges of these smooth down), and again is renovation. During these changes has changed also the climate, where the important part takes the big cooling on Quaternary, and it is escorted with glaciating forming in 1400-1600 m height, where it is finds their action vestiges. All these are escorting with big changes on hydro-graphic net, on lands cover and also in living world (still it finds many plants that belongs to different periods).

Albania, in consequence of the emphatic diversity of geological building and the complicated geological evolution, it is very enrich with metallic and no metallic minerals like ores: iron-nickel, chromium, copper-praseodymium. From other useful minerals a important part take these: bauxite, dolomite, gypsum and alabaster, rock salt, red and white marble, kaolin quartz, albitophyre, volcanic glass, limestone, magnetite, barite, fluorite, asbestos, talc, value stone: agate, opal, chalcedony. Albanian territory is very enrich with mineral waters, termomineral waters (sulfurehidric),with big cured features. Also Albania is very enrich with fuel wood burning (petrol, natural gas, coal) and bitumen of a high quality.

Geological Structures of Albania Geological Structures of Albania Friday, February 03, 2017 Rating: 5
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